Phase One is fundamental, and refers to whatever has been demonstrated as basic (kihon) for the purposes of a given session. At the primary level, this means naming the technique in Japanese before beginning, a focus on one's own structure/posture and balance, and a slow stop-start movement in silence through each balance transition.
Phase Two is flowing (ki no nagare) and includes a scripted phrase that helps the practitioner integrate a specific concept that is vital to the martial (in confict) application of each particular technique. At the primary level, this means that one partner will continue the movement of the other, both speaking as they engage, with the focus of one being on the movement of and connection with the other.
"Pausing to sense what I am actually doing, step-by-step, this is how I balance while connecting and blending. When someone is connected to me and I move into/with balance, they become aware of their own imbalance."
"Without pausing, continue the initial reception, connection, and attention to places where there is an imbalance."
"Connecting as early as possible, immediately bring your structure into balance in a way that accounts for the parts of the system that are out of balance, and weave the actual movements happening together in a Now of dropping into a third point."
Beyond the three part learning series, always repeating, is Takemusu (pron. tah-keh-moo-soo), or emergent improvisation in which each response is the ideal response to the choices happening in the whole conflict system. You may want to watch Aiki Peace Week 2012 Classes with Brandon Williamscraig for an articulation of the basic themes of aikido as it applies to Martial Nonviolence to put this all in context.
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International Aiki Peaceweek Classes with Brandon Williamscraig
What tools does aikido present to the practitioner which immediately lend themselves to practicing peace?...
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